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Calf Diseases and Prevention

Extract: 

“The productivity of the herd can be negatively impacted by impaired growth of calves, decreased milk production of animals that experienced chronic illness as baby calves, spread of infectious diseases from calves to adult cows, increased veterinary costs and the limited opportunity for genetic selection due to high mortality of replacement animals."

"Efficient replacement programs endeavour to calve Holstein heifers that weight 550 kg at 22.5 to 25 months of age. Healthy calves can achieve growth rates that allow them to be bred at 13-15 months of age and maximize the potential productivity of the overall dairy herd.”

Source: 

Sheila M. McGuirk, DVM, PhD and Pamela Ruegg, DVM, MPVM
University of Wisconsin-Madison